Taming, slowing and trapping atoms with light
Cold is quantum, Quantum is cool!
We shape quantum matter
Multicolored lasers for a variety of atoms
Keeping our eyes on the quantum world
Join our ultracool group!
High technology for great science

Welcome to the website of the Ultracold Quantum Gases group at the European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Florence (Italy) and the Institute of Optics of the Italian National Research Council (CNR - INO). In our labs we use lasers and magnetic fields to produce the lowest temperatures of the Universe, just a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero...

At these temperatures, atoms stop moving and we can control them for a variety of different fundamental studies and applications. We can force atoms to arrange according to a periodic structure and simulate the behavior of crystalline solids and new materials. We can use the atoms as ultra-high accurate sensors to probe forces with the power of quantum mechanics. We can study how quantum particles combine together under the action of strong interactions and how superfluidity develops. We can use these ultracold atoms to process information and develop new quantum technologies.

Dress warmly and... follow us for this ultracold journey!


Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in fermionic superfluids

At the interface between two fluid layers in relative motion, infinitesimal fluctuations can be exponentially amplified, inducing vorticity and the breakdown of laminar flow. While shear-flow instabilities in classical fluids have been extensively observed in various contexts, controlled experiments in the presence of quantized circulation are quite rare. In our last work, we observe how the contact interface between two counter-rotating atomic superflows develops into an ordered circular array of quantized vortices, which loses stability and rolls up into vortex clusters. We extract the instability growth rates and find that they obey the same scaling relations across different superfluid regimes, ranging from weakly-interacting bosonic to strongly-correlated fermionic pair condensates. Our results establish connections between vortex arrays and shear-flow instabilities, suggesting a possible interpretation of the observed quantized vortex dynamics as a manifestation of the underlying unstable flow. Moreover, they open the way for exploring out-of-equilibrium phenomena such as vortex-matter phase transitions and the spontaneous emergence and decay of two-dimensional quantum turbulence.

D. Henández-Rajkov et al.
Connecting shear-flow and vortex array instabilities in annular atomic superfluids
Nat. Phys. (2024)

Congratulations Giulio!

We are immensely proud of Giulio Biagioni, who has defended his doctoral thesis "Can a superfluid be solid? A study of the supersolid phase in a dipolar quantum gas", achieving the summa cum laude distinction. In the last few years, Giulio has given invaluable contributions to our research, enriching our group in countless ways and inspiring many experiments. We wish him all the success and fulfillment he deserves, and even more luck in his academic journey!

See also the thesis

Beatrice completes her master's thesis and goes on to her PhD studies

Beatrice successfully defends her Master's thesis titled ["Realization and characterization of LiCr ultracold bosonic dimers"], and starts her PhD on few-body physics and impurity problems in resonantly interacting Fermi mixtures.

Congrats and good luck Bea!

Welcome Chiara!

Our heartfelt welcome to Dr. Chiara Mazzinghi, who has recently completed her PhD at ICFO and is now joining our team!

We're delighted to have her on board!

Quantami Project is started!

QUANTAMI (Quantum Atomic Mixtures: Droplets, Topological Structures, and Vortices) aims to explore novel matter phases and quantum phenomena arising in interacting multicomponent superfluids. We will exploit the K-Rb tunable quantum mixture manipulated in optical potentials to realize and study topological superfluid structures, like rings and shells, as well as exotic vortex states and rotating droplets. We will explore the complex interplay among interactions, quantum fluctuations, topological excitations and dimensionality.

The project founded by MUR is a joint effort between CNR-INO (local coordinator Dr. A. Burchianti), the University of Padova (project coordinator Prof. L. Salasnich) and the University of Parma (local coordinator: Prof. S. Wimberger).

Join us on this adventure! We are looking for motivated candidates for a postdoc position: further informations

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