Taming, slowing and trapping atoms with light
Cold is quantum, Quantum is cool!
We shape quantum matter
Multicolored lasers for a variety of atoms
Keeping our eyes on the quantum world
Join our ultracool group!
High technology for great science

Welcome to the website of the Ultracold Quantum Gases group at the European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Florence (Italy) and the Institute of Optics of the Italian National Research Council (CNR - INO). In our labs we use lasers and magnetic fields to produce the lowest temperatures of the Universe, just a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero...

At these temperatures, atoms stop moving and we can control them for a variety of different fundamental studies and applications. We can force atoms to arrange according to a periodic structure and simulate the behavior of crystalline solids and new materials. We can use the atoms as ultra-high accurate sensors to probe forces with the power of quantum mechanics. We can study how quantum particles combine together under the action of strong interactions and how superfluidity develops. We can use these ultracold atoms to process information and develop new quantum technologies.

Dress warmly and... follow us for this ultracold journey!


During the national congress of the Società Italiana di Fisica (SIF), held in Milan from the 12th to the 16th of September, the prize for young graduates in physics, entitled to Giuliano Toraldo di Francia, has been awarded to Giulio Biagioni, PhD student of the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Florence working in the Dy Lab. Giulio's PhD project is focused on the study of the supersolid phase of matter in a dipolar quantum gas.

See also the SIF congress webpage

Our preprint on orientational melting of ion crystals is now on the arXiv! We studied the peculiar melting of our 2D crystals: the loss of crystallization along the angular direction and its dependence on particle number and impurities reveals the mesoscopic character of the observed transition. Our work paves the way to studies of thermodynamics of small systems and of quantum rotors. Read more on the arxiv!

L. Duca, et al.
Orientational melting in a mesoscopic system of charged particles
arXiv 2209.00395 (2022)

Together with Giacomo Bighin and Tommaso Macrì, we studied the problem of a mobile impurity immersed in a bosonic mixture. We focused on the experimental relevant case of a 41K−87Rb mixture, prepared in its ground-state, with the impurity consisting of a few 41K atoms in the second-lowest hyperfine state. We provided a compressive picture of the impurity across the mixture phase diagram. In the droplet phase, under realistic experimental conditions, we found exotic bound-states where the impurity localized either at the center or at the droplet surface. Our findings provide new insights for the study and detection of Bose polarons in collisionally stable and long-lived Bose mixtures such as the 41K-87Rb one.

G. Bighin et al.
Impurity in a heteronuclear two-component Bose mixture
Phys. Rev. A 106, 023301 (2022)

A quantum embedding is a map that can be trained to separate and embed classical data points into a much larger Hilbert space. In the case of binary classification problems, this quantum protocol achieves a geometrical representation of the data in which they are easier to be classified. In the era of big data, this algorithm can provide a remarkable simplification of the intensive preprocessing often necessary for Machine Learning algorithms to perform efficiently. We have developed an extensive experimental study of quantum embedding by implementing a parametrized quantum circuit on two complementary experimental platforms: atomic and photonic. We have compared the results with a similar analysis conducted on the cloud-available Rigetti superconducting quantum processor. The successful results support the promising idea of hybrid quantum technologies for future Quantum Machine Learning applications. (Front cover on Adv. Quantum Technol. Volume 5, Issue 8, August 2022)

I. Gianani, et al.,
Experimental Quantum Embedding for Machine Learning
Adv. Quantum Technol. 5, 2100140 (2022)

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Seminars & Events

Palaiseau-Florence Workshop on Ultracold Atoms:
Experimental and theoretical groups from Palaiseau (France) and Florence (Italy) research areas will present their activities and discuss collaborations. More info at quantumgases.lens.unifi.it/paf
Seminar by Prof. Carlos Sa de Melo:
Ultra-cold Fermi Gases with Three and Four Internal States: The Evolution from BCS to BEC Superfluidity in Multiband Systems ,
h. 12.00 Querzoli room, LENS.
Seminar by Dr. Dimitrios Trypogeorgos:
Unconventional topology with a Rashba spin-orbit coupled quantum gas,
h. 14.30 Querzoli room, LENS.
Firenze-Trieste workshop:
Two days of talks and scientific discussions with the theory groups of ICTP and SISSA,
ICTP, Trieste.
Firenze-Trieste workshop:
Two days of talks and scientific discussions with the theory groups of ICTP and SISSA,
Aula Querzoli, LENS.
Quantumgases retreat:
A full-day group meeting to discuss the activity of the different labs,
h. 9.00 Villa il Gioiello, Arcetri.
Fermi Colloqium by Prof. Wolfgang Ketterle:
New forms of matter with ultracold atoms: superfluids, supersolids and more,
h. 11.30 Querzoli room, LENS.
Seminar by Prof. Arno Rauschenbeutel:
Chiral Quantum Optics,
h. 11.00 Querzoli room, LENS.
The LENS QuantumGases group is glad to welcome in Florence Prof. Randall Hulet from Rice University. Prof. Hulet will be our guest for one month until mid July.