Fermions with tunable interactions... In the lithium lab we produce ultracold Fermi gases of 6Li to explore out-of-equilibrium dynamics and transport phenomena in strongly correlated fermionic matter. Atoms are confined into light-imprinted potential structures, simulating the motion of electrons in solid state devices. Our main goal is the study of two-dimensional strongly correlated phases, such as superfluidity across the BCS-BEC crossover and its robustness to disorder.

A programmable quantum vortex collider

We realize a programmable quantum vortex collider in planar and homogeneous atomic Fermi superfluids with tunable inter-particle interactions. We follow a bottom-up approach reminiscent of other atomic platforms featuring control at the single-particle level, and gain exquisite control of individual 2D vortices to assemble them one by one in arbitrary arrangements. In particular, we use the combination of a high resolution microscope objective and a Digital Micromirror Device to create on-demand vortex configurations and we monitor their evolution across the BEC-BCS regimes of fermionic superfluidity. By engineering collisions within and between vortex–antivortex pairs we distinguish the different relaxation processes of the irrotational vortex energy due to sound emission and due to interactions with normal fluid. For the first time, we directly visualize how the annihilation of vortex dipoles radiates a sound pulse. We progress towards a complete microscopic description of the dissipative dynamics of both single and colliding vortex–antivortex pairs, which is at the heart of the relaxation of non-equilibrium states in bosonic and fermionic superfluids, thereby opening the route to exploring new pathways for quantum turbulence decay, vortex by vortex.

W. J. Kwon et al.
Sound emission and annihilations in a programmable quantum vortex collider
Nature 600, 64 (2021)

Li people

Marco Fedrizzi
Master student
Alessandro Muzi Falconi
Master student
Giulia Del Pace
Postdoctoral fellow
Klejdja Xhani
Postdoctoral fellow
Woo Jin Kwon
Postdoctoral fellow
Francesco Scazza
Scientific staff
Massimo Inguscio
Scientific staff
Giacomo Roati
Scientific staff
Former members:
Andrea Amico
Alessia Burchianti
Chiara Fort
Riccardo Panza
Jorge Seman
Pedro Tavares
Giacomo Valtolina
Matteo Zaccanti

Li contacts

For further information, request of material, job opportunities, please contact:

Giacomo Roati
(roati@lens.unifi.it)

Li funding

ERC CoG QUFERM2D
EU Quantum Flagship
Qombs (2018-2021)
PRIN 2017 CEnTraL
Progetto Ente Cassa QuSiM2D
H2020-MSCA-IF-2018 VorDIST
H2020-MSCA-IF-2015 SCOUTFermi2D