We aim to widen the range of quantum simulations with cold atoms, by investigating phenomena arising from the long-ranged dipolar interaction in reduced dimensionalities. We are operating a new experimental setup based on quantum gases of the highly magnetic Dysprosium atoms. This is a joint project between LENS and CNR-INO, Sezione di Pisa.

Spotting superfluidity in a supersolid from non-classical rotational inertia

A key manifestation of superfluidity in liquids and gases is a reduction of the moment of inertia under slow rotations. Non-classical rotational effects have been searched for a long time also for the elusive supersolid phase of matter, in which superfluidity coexists with a lattice structure. Here we show that the recently discovered supersolid phase in dipolar quantum gases features a reduced moment of inertia. We study a peculiar rotational oscillation mode in a harmonic potential, the scissors mode, already employed for superfluids. From the measured moment of inertia, we derive a superfluid fraction in analogy with the original definition by A. J. Leggett. The superfluid fraction is different from zero and of order of unity, providing direct evidence of the superfluid nature of the dipolar supersolid. A qualitative comparison with the original theoretical model supports the observation of a large superfluid fraction close to the transition from the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) and the supersolid.

L. Tanzi, et al.
Evidence of superfluidity in a dipolar supersolid from non-classical rotational inertia
Science 371, 1162 (2021)

Dy People

Giulio Biagioni
PhD student
Nicolò Antolini
PhD student
Luca Tanzi
Scientific staff
Andrea Fioretti
Scientific staff
Carlo Gabbanini
Scientific staff
Giovanni Modugno
Scientific staff
Former members and collaborators:
Jacopo Catani
Silvia Gozzini
Massimo Inguscio
Eleonora Lucioni

Dy contacts

For further information, request of material, job opportunities, please contact:

Giovanni Modugno

Dy funding