An ultracold gas plus an ion! In our project, we plan to realize a new-generation atom-ion machine in order to realize new quantum simulations of a many-body system in the presence of one or more localized impurities. With this setup, we plan to investigate fundamental atom-ion interactions in the ultracold regime, and to use these controlled interactions to realize a platform for investigating out-of-equilibrium quantum systems and quantum thermodynamics.

A new sideband cooling scheme for efficient cooling in challenging trapping potentials

Cooling neutral atoms in optical traps can be a difficult task under some experimental conditions, like when optical trapping potentials are state-dependent. We report on a theoretical study showing that cooling can be achieved even if the internal states of the atoms experience different potential depths as long as a well-tailored frequency sweep is applied to the cooling laser. We develop a master rate equation and a Monte Carlo simulation for atoms of Li and Yb trapped in optical lattices and tweezers and we find that the average occupation number of the vibrational levels is drastically reduced under feasible experimental conditions. Our findings provide an alternative cooling scheme that can be applied in principle to any particle that is optically trappable, e.g. atoms, molecules or ions, and can provide a faster route to cooling atoms to condensation or degeneracy.

F. Berto, et al.
Prospects for single-photon sideband cooling of optically trapped neutral atoms
Phys. Rev. Research 3, 043106 (2021)

Ba+/Li people

Naoto Mizukami
PhD student
Federico Berto
PhD student
Lucia Duca
Postdoctoral fellow
Massimo Inguscio
Scientific staff
Carlo Sias
Scientific staff
Former members:
Amelia Detti
Elia Perego

Ba+/Li contacts

Project website:

www.ultracoldplus.eu

For further information, request of material, job opportunities, please contact:

Carlo Sias
(sias@lens.unifi.it)

Ba+/Li funding

ERC StG PLUSONE
MIUR SIR