Considering the hurdles of experiments with more than one atomic species, the temptation arises of rephrasing Arthur L. Schawlow: "Double-species Bose-Einstein condensates are condensates with one species too many". We think otherwise. Quantum mixtures allow the investigation of a wealth of genuinely quantum phenomena: mixed phases of superfluids and Mott insulators, impurities and polarons, chemistry at zero-temperature.

Lee-Huang-Yang energy for heteronuclear mixtures

We show that the Lee-Huang-Yang (LHY) energy functional for a heteronuclear Bose mixture can be accurately approximated by an expression that has the same functional form as in the homonuclear case. It is characterized by two exponents, which can be treated as fitting parameters. We demonstrate that the values of these parameters which preserve the invariance under permutation of the two atomic species are exactly those of the homonuclear case. Deviations from the actual expression of LHY energy functional are discussed quantitatively.

F. Minardi et al.
Effective expression of the Lee-Huang-Yang energy functional for heteronuclear mixtures
Phys. Rev. A 100 063636 (2019)

K/Rb people

Lorenzo Marconi
Postdoctoral fellow
Alessia Burchianti
Scientific staff
Chiara D'Errico
Scientific staff
Chiara Fort
Scientific staff
Massimo Inguscio
Scientific staff
Francesco Minardi
Scientific staff
Former members:
Giovanni Barontini
Jacopo Catani
Stefano Conclave
Luigi De Sarlo
Giacomo Lamporesi
Paolo Maioli
Sara Rosi
Devang S. Naik
Gregor Thalhammer

K/Rb contacts

For further information, request of material, job opportunities, please contact:

Francesco Minardi
(minardi@lens.unifi.it)

K/Rb funding

EU Quantum Flagship
Qombs (2018-2021)
PRIN2010-2011
EU FP7 EQuaM
  Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio Firenze
SUPERACI (2018-2020)
  Progetto Premiale 2013 ABnanotech