Expansion of a BEC from an optical lattice

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We investigate the properties of a coherent array containing about 200 Bose-Einstein condensates produced in a far detuned 1D optical lattice. The density profile of the gas, imaged after releasing the trap, provides information about the coherence of the ground-state wave function. The measured atomic distribution is characterized by interference peaks. The time evolution of the peaks, their relative population, as well as the radial size of the expanding cloud are in good agreement with the predictions of theory.

P. Pedri et al.
Expansion of a Coherent Array of Bose-Einstein Condensates
Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 220401 (2001)