Optically-induced lensing effect on a BEC expanding in a moving lattice

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We report the experimental observation of a lensing effect on a Bose-Einstein condensate expanding in a moving 1D optical lattice. The effect of the periodic potential can be described by an effective mass dependent on the condensate quasimomentum. By changing the velocity of the atoms in the frame of the optical lattice, we induce a focusing of the condensate along the lattice direction. The experimental results are compared with the numerical predictions of an effective 1D theoretical model. In addition, a precise band spectroscopy of the system is carried out by looking at the real-space propagation of the atomic wave packet in the optical lattice.

L. Fallani et al.
Optically Induced Lensing Effect on a Bose-Einstein Condensate Expanding in a Moving Lattice
Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 240405 (2003)