We report on the measurement of the scattering properties of ultracold L. Franchi et al., New J. Phys. 19, 103037 (2017) |

Welcome to the website of the Ultracold Quantum Gases group at the European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Florence (Italy) and the Institute of Optics of the Italian National Research Council (CNR - INO). In our labs we use lasers and magnetic fields to produce the lowest temperatures of the Universe, just a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero...

At these temperatures, atoms stop moving and we can control them for a variety of different fundamental studies and applications. We can force atoms to arrange according to a periodic structure and simulate the behavior of crystalline solids and new materials. We can use the atoms as ultra-high accurate sensors to probe forces with the power of quantum mechanics. We can study how quantum particles combine together under the action of strong interactions and how superfluidity develops. We can use these ultracold atoms to process information and develop new quantum technologies.

Dress warmly and... follow us for this ultracold journey!

We report on the measurement of the scattering properties of ultracold L. Franchi et al., New J. Phys. 19, 103037 (2017) |

Quantum phase slips, i.e., the primary excitations in one-dimensional superfluids at low temperature, have been well characterized in most condensed-matter systems, with the notable exception of ultracold quantum gases. Here we present our experimental investigation of the dissipation in one-dimensional Bose superfluids flowing along a periodic potential, which show signatures of the presence of quantum phase slips. In particular, by controlling the velocity of the superfluid and the interaction between the bosons we are apparently able to drive a crossover from a regime of thermal phase slips into a regime of quantum phase slips. Achieving a good control of quantum phase slips in ultracold quantum gases requires to keep under control other phenomena such as the breaking of superfluidity at the critical velocity or the appearance of a Mott insulator in the strongly correlated regime. Here we show our current results in these directions. S. Scaffidi Abbate, et al., |

We assembled a new vacuum system: a single 2D MOT for both the |

We explore the interplay between tunneling and interatomic interactions in the dynamics of a bosonic Josephson junction. We tune the scattering length of an atomic K39 Bose-Einstein condensate confined in a double-well trap to investigate regimes inaccessible to other superconducting or superfluid systems. In the limit of small-amplitude oscillations, we study the transition from Rabi to plasma oscillations by crossing over from attractive to repulsive interatomic interactions. We observe a critical slowing down in the oscillation frequency by increasing the strength of an attractive interaction up to the point of a quantum phase transition. With sufficiently large initial oscillation amplitude and repulsive interactions, the system enters the macroscopic quantum self-trapping regime, where we observe coherent undamped oscillations with a self-sustained average imbalance of the relative well population. The exquisite agreement between theory and experiments enables the observation of a broad range of many body coherent dynamical regimes driven by tunable tunneling energy, interactions and external forces, with applications spanning from atomtronics to quantum metrology. G. Spagnolli, et al., |

Seminar by Prof. Carlos Sa de Melo:

*Ultra-cold Fermi Gases with Three and Four Internal States: The Evolution from BCS to BEC Superfluidity in Multiband Systems
*,

h. 12.00 Querzoli room, LENS.

h. 12.00 Querzoli room, LENS.

Seminar by Dr. Dimitrios Trypogeorgos:

*Unconventional topology with a Rashba spin-orbit coupled quantum gas*,

h. 14.30 Querzoli room, LENS.

h. 14.30 Querzoli room, LENS.

Two days of talks and scientific discussions with the theory groups of ICTP and SISSA,

ICTP, Trieste.

Two days of talks and scientific discussions with the theory groups of ICTP and SISSA,

Aula Querzoli, LENS.

A full-day group meeting to discuss the activity of the different labs,

h. 9.00 Villa il Gioiello, Arcetri.

Fermi Colloqium by Prof. Wolfgang Ketterle:

*New forms of matter with ultracold atoms: superfluids, supersolids and more*,

h. 11.30 Querzoli room, LENS.

h. 11.30 Querzoli room, LENS.

Seminar by Prof. Arno Rauschenbeutel:

*Chiral Quantum Optics*,

h. 11.00 Querzoli room, LENS.

h. 11.00 Querzoli room, LENS.

The LENS QuantumGases group is glad to welcome in Florence Prof. Randall Hulet from Rice University. Prof. Hulet will be our guest for one month until mid July.